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ZIKA

The infection, known as Zika fever or Zika virus disease, often causes no or only mild symptoms, similar to a very mild form of dengue fever. While there is no specific treatment, paracetamol (acetaminophen) and rest may help with the symptoms. As of 2016, the illness cannot be prevented by medications or vaccines. Zika can also spread from a pregnant woman to her fetus. This can result in microcephaly, severe brain malformations, and other birth defects. Zika infections in adults may result rarely in Guillain–Barré syndrome.

Zika fever (also known as Zika virus disease) is an illness caused by the Zika virus. Most cases have no symptoms, but when present they are usually mild and can resemble dengue fever. Symptoms may include fever, red eyes, joint pain, headache, and a maculopapular rash. Symptoms generally last less than seven days.It has not caused any reported deaths during the initial infection. Infection during pregnancy causes microcephaly and other brain malformations in some babies.

Diagnosis is by testing the blood, urine, or saliva for the presence of Zika virus RNA when the person is sick.

A number of countries have issued travel warnings, and the outbreak is expected to significantly impact the tourism industry. Several countries have taken the unusual step of advising their citizens to delay pregnancy until more is known about the virus and its impact on fetal development. With the 2016 Olympics Games set to be hosted in Rio de Janeiro, health officials worldwide have voiced concerns over a potential crisis, both in Brazil and when international athletes and tourists, who may be unknowingly infected, return home and possibly spread the virus. Some researchers speculate that only one or two tourists may be infected during the three week period, or approximately 3.2 infections per 100,000 tourists.

Zika Timeline

1947 -
1st case in a monkey in the Zika Forest in Uganda.

1950’s
Human cases in Africa, Asia, India, Philippines, and Thailand.

2007 -
April- 1st major outbreak in humans in the Pacific Island of Yap.

2015 -
May- Major outbreak in Brazil.
April- State of Emergency in Brazil and Jamaica.

2016 -
January
- Pregnancy warnings in Colombia and Jamaica. 1st U.S. baby born with Microcephaly in Hawaii. 4,000 cases reported.

February
- Global public health emergency spreads into 20 countries.

June
- U.S. baby born with Microcephaly reported in New Jersey.

July
- 1st non-traveled related case of Zika in Florida
-4 more cases of Zika virus that are not travel-related confirmed in Florida

August
-Monroe County in Southeast Michigan has a reported case of the mosquito-born Zika virus

2017-
US States

-254 symptomatic Zika virus disease cases reported

-251 cases in travelers returning from affected areas

-0 cases acquired through presumed local mosquito-borne transmission

-3 cases acquired through sexual transmission

Only 20% of people with ZIKA even see symptoms.

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